Madrid is the capital of the Spanish state and the capital of the community of Madrid. It has a population of 3,165,541 inhabitants, including the metropolitan area the number of registered population reaches the 6,545,031 habitants. It is the third city in population of the European Union behind Berlin and London.
Regarding the climate, according to the climatic classification of Köppen, Madrid can be classified as a transition climate between BSk and Csa. Other sources describe the climate of Madrid as Continental – Mediterranean.
Since Madrid is the capital of Spain, it houses the main government offices, ministries, official bodies, embassies as well as the official residence of the Kings of Spain and the president of the government.
Internationally, Madrid hosts the headquarters of the World Tourism Organization (WTO) among other official bodies as well as the headquarters of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE). Madrid is the fourth richest city in Europe after London, Paris and Moscow.
Madrid is one of the most important cultural cities in the world thanks to its number of international reference museums, like for example the Prado Museum, the Reina Sofía National Art Center Museum, the Caixa Forum Madrid Center and the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum .
In the city of Madrid you will find the oldest restaurant in the world according to the Guinness Book of Records. Its name is Casa Botín, that restaurant was founded in 1725 in the cava baja area (next to the Plaza Mayor). The cuisine is traditional Castilian.
The origins of Madrid go back to Visigoth burials as well as of remnants that go back to the carpetanos towns or preromanic period. According to the latest archaeological finds, the present city of Madrid, is based on a small urban agglomeration of the Visigoth period of the 7th century called Matric or Matrix, stream.
Madrid was incorporated to the crown of Castile in 1083 and designated like seat of the court by king Felipe II in the year 1561, becoming the first permanent capital of the Spanish monarchy.
The shield of Madrid contains a bear and a madrone, as well as 7 stars in allusion to the sky of Madrid as well as the real crown.
Madrid is an open-air museum; walking along the Paseo de la Castellana we can find the so-called Open-air Sculpture Museum dedicated to abstract works, among which is Eduardo Chillida’s beached mermaid. Famous sources such as the Cibeles, Neptune Fountain, Apollo Fountain, were made by the architect Ventura Rodriguez. In the Plaza de Oriente we can find a series of statues in reference to different kings of Spain from the Visigoths and different medieval Christian kings.
Madrid is the only capital of the world that has a monument to Lucifer called the Fountain of the Fallen Angel or the Fallen Angel, work of the author Ricardo Bellver (1877) located to 666 meters of altitude on the level of the sea.
Madrid is a friendly, cosmopolitan city with good weather to walk its streets and feel the heat of the people. Come to Madrid and fall in love with the city.